The General Assembly is the supreme body of the Academy as an independent public-law association, constituted by ordinary and corresponding members, and 200 representatives of non-academician members who are elected by secret ballot for a three year term.
They may be re-elected once for an additional three year term. The General Assembly adopts the Statutes, the Bylaws and the annual budget of the Academy, and determines the science policy principles and programmes affecting the entire work of the Academy. It discusses and approves the biennial report submitted to Parliament on both the Academy and the general state of science in Hungary, and the annual report presented to the Government on the Academy's activity. The General Assembly elects - for a three-year term - the leading officials of the Academy such as the President, the Vice-Presidents, the Secretary-General and the Deputy Secretary-General, and also the members of both the Presidium and the Council of the Academy's Research Units.