A new model created by Eörs Szathmáry and his colleagues offers a possible explanation for the evolution of life on Earth from simple organic molecules to the predecessors of our cells.
What were the causes that lead to the military tragedy following the First World War and to the demobilisation of the army? How did the food supply change between 1917 and 1922 and what was the political significance of these changes? How can the geographical consequences of mapping out the new borders be examined with novel methods? These are the questions the MTA Lendület (Momentum) Trianon 100 Research Group sought to answer.
How does the increase in the average temperature of the Earth influence the amount of carbon stored in the soil? Will this lead to a vicious circle, that is will it mean further temperature increase due to the released carbon? These were the questions addressed by the international research group which included the Kiskunság experiment overseen by the MTA Centre for Ecological Research.
An experimental drug candidate eliminates tumours by promoting programmed cell death, according to a recent article in Nature, which rarely publishes on this topic. The leaders of the international author team are Hungarian researchers from the Servier Hungaria Ltd. The research institute is also in partnership with the Institute of Organic Chemistry, MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences.
Hungary, as a full member of the European Space Agency, has joined the Technology Transfer Network of the international organisation, which aims at applying the results of space technology in other industrial fields and in everyday life. The Hungarian office was opened in the MTA Wigner Research Centre for Physics, in cooperation with the Hungarian Space Office.
Ruthenium-catalysed azide alkyne cycloaddition (RuAAC) is used in several areas, including medicinal chemistry, polymer synthesis, organocatalysis and supramolecular chemistry. The researchers discuss the reaction mechanism in detail and review the relevant literature in their recent study.
A long-standing puzzle on the origin of some stardust recovered from meteorites has finally been solved thanks to the identification of the effect of a nuclear reaction in the composition of stardust grains.
Hungarian-Finnish-Austrian research group’s sleeping trees among most exciting scientific news stories in New Scientist in 2016
Other entries included the discovery of gravitational waves, the historic victory of AlphaGo and three parent babies.
“Amorphous calcium carbonate i.e. calcium carbonate lacking a crystal structure formed on the surface of stalactites could significantly alter palaeoclimatological results based on cave carbonates”, according to a research group headed by academician Attila Demény.
One of the world’s most prominent medical journals has published a concise biography of the late president of the Academy, internationally renowned neurologist and anatomist János Szentágothai.
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